This commentary is 유흥알바 directed at those working different schedules, whether shift-work or longer hours that go beyond a work-sleep, day-night routine. People who work nights, early mornings, or rotating shifts are at higher risk for developing shift-work disorder and other sleep problems.
That is, your circadian rhythms, which control your sleep-wake cycles, may adjust more readily as you move from nighttime shifts into earlier morning shifts. Most workers involved in rotating shifts must adjust rapidly to varying shift lengths, but evening shift workers can adjust so long as they keep their sleep/wake cycles reversed. Workers involved in rotating shift work (the vast majority) are under constant pressure to adapt to the variable shift periods as fast as possible, partially and unavoidably frustrated by continuous switching, while night-shift workers who are full-time may adjust nearly fully provided that they also continue to maintain an inverted sleep/wake cycle even during the days they are off .
There is a greater probability to suffer from sleep deficits in later nights-off work; this is more intensified in the latter part of the shift, occurring early in the morning, leading to increased risks for errors and accidents, particularly when travelling. One of the ways that working alternate shifts may harm health is by decreasing opportunities for sleep. Working a night shift poses health concerns, first and foremost, because your brain is wired for nighttime sleep.
A common concern for nurses working night shifts is the tendency they have to develop health problems, such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, because of the metabolic changes caused by lack of sleep. There is a well-established body of research suggesting a strong link between working nights and developing cardiovascular disorders; on average, night shift workers had 40% increased risk for ischaemic heart disease, when compared with workers of today. With 20% of the working population working a shift, and demand for off-hours jobs expected to grow, not shrink, research efforts are critical in protecting the health and wellbeing of workers who shift.
Nightshift patterns of employment have both adverse effects for individuals as well as for those affected by this delivery of services; for example, adverse effects for patient safety and care in the case of healthcare workers, as well as substantial costs to economy and productivity. As many businesses operate around the clock, jobs exist which require employees on the overnight shift, or in graveyards. Employees will work 12 hours for two to three straight days, and then get two or three days off.
New recruits and low-ranking officers often will work several days at regular afternoon hours, then work either a longer overtime shift stretching into the morning hours, or they take one day off, take some time off, and then do the full evening shift. Not only are these extremely stressful, productivity-draining shifts forced upon less-experienced officers, younger officers are also given no time to adjust their sleeping patterns to the nights job. In particular, workers in night shifts must grapple with the pros and cons of working odd hours, all the while trying to maintain their work-life balance; after all, a drastic change of schedule could have consequences either way. FAMILY AND SOCIAL LIFE Workers involved in shift work, or working longer hours, may face significant disruptions in family and social activities, since so many of those common peoples rhythms are around the clock.
With hours limited to the late afternoons and nights, it may prove easier to pursue hobbies and interests than a day job holder. The evening shifts and the hours freed up during daytime hours make it seem more reasonable to pursue higher education, but nightshifts also remove various scheduling conflicts and may enable you to be more present in your job.
While some might see the lower amount of supervision on the night shift as a benefit, it may also be a contributing factor for the less competitive working environment. This might seem at odds with one of the advantages we mentioned above, but for many people staying up late and working through the night may decrease focus rather than increase it.
The other approach is to re-schedule your bodys circadian clock to be more comfortable with working at night and napping during the day. Allowing frequent breaks and scheduling eight-hour or 10-hour shifts rather than 12-hour ones also can minimize fatigue and help to alleviate negative health effects from a shifted schedule.
The health effects of shift work can vary depending on ones chronotype, i.e., whether one is a day person or a night person, and which shifts the worker is assigned. There are thousands of different shift schedules, which can have a very different effect on workers health and safety, particularly in relation to amount of nights worked, timing and duration of shifts, length of shift cycles, rate of change of the pace of the shifts, and location and duration of the days off. There are thousands of different shift schedules which may have a quite different impact on workers health and safety, in particular with reference to the amount of night work, timing and duration of shifts, length of shift cycle, speed and rotation of shifts, and position and length of rest days. Training for the shift workers on their life style, remuneration for leaving work according to the pay scale for the final years of work (which can promote overwork in older workers, who are likely less able to get sufficient sleep), or screening and hiring new shift workers who are evaluated for their adaptation to the shift work schedule. There is some evidence that allowing workers to develop their own shift schedules promotes better job performance because they are responsible for meeting the targets for their output.
For shift workers, there are large unmet needs that assist in managing their shift schedules, especially with regard to managing sleep and eating in relation to the internal body clock. It is up to involved workers to figure out what problems and disorders are most associated with shiftwork and overnight working, and what are the best coping strategies for preventing or restricting these, particularly in terms of sleeping habits, nutrition, physical health, and recreation. Obviously, such disorders are more crucial with evening shifts, while may be more compatible with day shifts, with the exception of disruptions in sleep (as with early-morning shifts), diet (in case of metabolic and digestive disorders), and physical workload (in case of cardiovascular disorders).